Being a growing and popular breed of dogs in recent times, Yorkies have displayed a special attraction in their features, making them a top selection amongst other dogs.
The size of a Yorkie is one such factor that makes it a favorite choice among many dog owners.
This is a very discussed topic among the Yorkie owners, and many people are concerned about why their pup is bigger or smaller than other Yorkshire terriers.
Some of the most common concerns are related to possible health problems and if their dog is purebred (as it was advertised by the breeder)?
Despite the fact that the size may range from dog to dog, general knowledge of a typical Yorkie size is something that every owner must be familiar.
Putting aside all the wrong misconceptions regarding Yorkie size and weight, here we have prepared some basic and authentic information about the Yorkshire terrier size for your convenience.
Yorkie Standard Size
The calculation of a standard size of a Yorkie is based on its weight and height.
The standard size given by AKC is pretty much a range for almost every Yorkie out there.
Hence, there is a major possibility that most of the Yorkies fit within the expected size.
However, sometimes there may also be Yorkies that may fall under or above the expected standard values.
The wide range of sizes for Yorkshire terriers allows some of them to be undersized or oversized in comparison to the AKC standard.
The most popular term used for Yorkies who are smaller than the standard size is “teacup” or miniature Yorkies whereas others may be called oversized Yorkies.
A general outlook on the height and the weight of a standard Yorkshire terrier is what should be kept in mind when purchasing a Yorkie.
Weight and height are always measured relative to one another to keep an account on the size of your dog.
There is a wide range in the heights of these dogs. The Yorkie height may vary between 6 inches (15.24 cm) to 9 inches (22.86 cm).
Бut these figures are for reference only. In fact, there is no exact height standard determined by the AKC for Yorkshire terriers.
This height is measured from ground level to the withers, or in other words, it’s the height from the foot of the dog till the shoulder.
But, do not be worried if your dog doesn’t follow these height standards because it may belong to an enlarged or a small-sized Yorkies.
The weight of a Yorkie may range from 4 pounds (1.81 kg) at the minimum to a maximum of 7 pounds (3.17 kg) for an adult Yorkie (by AKC).
Actually, this standard has changed and now there is no minimum weight set. According to AKC, there is only a maximum weight for this breed which is 7 pounds.
However, all full grown Yorkies, which are less than 4 pounds, are considered undersized (or if we have to use the popular word – teacup).
Due to variations in their weight and size, Yorkies may weigh even above 7 pounds, resulting in a bigger than standard Yorkies.
A lower-than-normal size of a Yorkie leads to extremely low body mass, and such dogs are prone to genetic diseases. Thus, the average Yorkie should be 4-7 pounds in its weight.
You should be aware of dog sellers who can easily mislead you into buying the wrong dog by misguiding you about their weight.
But how could you know how big a puppy will be in a few years?
That is a question that many people don’t ask when they buy a puppy..
They start to search for answers after they notice that their pup is a different size than the other Yorkies.
But there is a way (although it’s not very accurate it’s enough to guide you) that will help you to predict what will be the full size of your puppy.
You can read more about this here: Yorkie growth chart
Yorkie Full Size
Yorkies are relatively small pets but tend to achieve their full size in the adult state.
Due to their small size, it becomes hard to keep track of their weight and height.
But, for a full-grown Yorkie, the shoulder height should be approximately 8-9 inches, and its weight should range between 6-7 pounds.
At these measurements, your Yorkie (if it is standard one) has achieved its full size, and it has become an adult with 3-4 years of age.
We can say that your pup will grow until he reaches 4 years of age.
A Yorkie at its full size will cease its growth periods once it’s attained the maximum whereas their growth speeds up rapidly in the earlier years.
Thus, the standards of a Yorkie full size must be kept in mind while monitoring the growth of your pet.
Once your Yorkie has grown fully, it is a good idea to visit the vet to bring some changes in its diet and exercise because the growing age has stopped now.
Small Yorkies or Teacups
If a Yorkie weighs less than 4 pounds in weight and is less than 6 inches in height at its adult stage, then it’s called a Teacup Yorkie.
These Teacup Yorkies, also known as Miniature Yorkies or Toy Yorkies are not a different breed!
They are just smaller than the standard and while they may appear in some rare cases, today such small pups are purposely produced to improve marketing and sales.
When two very small Yorkies (in many cases unhealthy dogs) are bred with each other, the resultant produce smaller puppies.
But the fact remains that the smallest dogs of a litter are the weakest and unhealthiest ones; therefore, Teacups are extremely tiny sized and prone to a majority of genetic and health disorders.
While Teacup Yorkies have become a popular trend, and are cute, adorable creatures that can easily fit into your purse, unethical breeding techniques results in extremely low body mass in these dogs.
Due to a very miniature Yorkie size, they are susceptible to fractures, hypoglycemia, congenital diseases, collapsed trachea and weakened immunity which resultantly leads to a shorter life expectancy.
Temperature also greatly affects these tiny dogs because the tiny dog might suddenly overheat in hot weather and will require instant cooling.
Due to their mini size, their bodies cannot provide sufficient insulation in the cold, so it is advised to keep them indoors during harsh weather changes.
Thus, if you have a Yorkie who weighs less than 4 pounds and shorter than 6 inches, you own a miniature Yorkie.
I will say that again:
Miniature or Teacup Yorkies are Yorkshire terriers (not a different breed).
They are just smaller than the standard and most often are prone to more health problems compared to the regular Yorkshire terriers.
Don’t get me wrong, if you would like to have so tiny dog, there is nothing wrong with that!
But you have to make an informed decision instead of buying a teacup just because it’s cool and everyone is trying to get as small Yorkshire terrier as possible.
It comes as an easy-to-carry and an adorable pet which is an extremely playful and intelligent animal, but you will have to be strictly vigilant regarding its diet, health, and exercise.
Teacup Yorkies may become difficult to handle for some owners because of even lesser size and weight than the standard values.
We strongly recommend to check our article about Teacup Yorkshire terriers.
Bigger than Regular Yorkies
It is not necessary that your dog will always grow following the standard set values.
Yorkshire terrier size may vary greatly as it is influenced by breeding, eating habits and environmental factors as well.
Thus, Yorkie size and weight fluctuate often, and if your dog weighs more than 7 pounds, then it is larger than standard Yorkie.
What does this mean?
It means that in the dog show ring are accepted only dogs that fit the standard.
And if your pup is bigger than that it won’t be accepted.
But this doesn’t mean that the dog is unhealthy or not a purebred!
There are plenty of Yorkshire terriers that weigh 8-9 or even 10 pounds and are purebred and in very good health.
Such Yorkies may even weigh more than 9 pounds and attain a height of 10-11 inches and even more.
Much Bigger than the standard
In some (rare) cases there might be a Yorkie which is a lot bigger than usual, and we are talking about 15 pounds and even more.
But is it possible such a big Yorkie to be purebred? Please read below!
Larger Yorkies are produced due to many reasons, such as:
Sometimes, larger Yorkies may be classified as a pure breed of Yorkies because the AKC classifies dogs based on a pedigree of only 3 generations.
But it is highly probable that large Yorkies are produced because some other breed of dogs was mixed into the bloodline in its 5th, 6th or 7th generations.
So, apparently the Yorkie is classified as a purebred, but some dominant traits in the previous generations cause a larger height and weight in the successive offspring.
This trend of increased size followed in later generations is responsible for producing oversized Yorkies.
Larger-than-standard Yorkies are sometimes a result of unintended pairing.
Sometimes, a Yorkie may breed with a dog of a separate breed which may cause interference in genetics and produce a larger size in the litter.
This can be checked with a DNA test, but these test are not always mandatory on AKC.
Please note that a female dog could be pregnant from two different males at the same time.
There are cases that one of the male dogs is a different breed, but when the puppies are AKC registered, only the one male is listed. So this is also a possible reason.
If you are wondering how there could be another breed mixed in when the dog looks like a Yorkshire terrier?
But please note that there are other similar breeds like the Australian terrier for example which weight is up to 14 pounds on average.
And if there is an Australian terrier in the pedigree there won’t be a huge difference in the appearance.
If you have a Yorkie weighing greater than 9-10 pounds you should visit your vet to check if there is a need for weight loss.
As we said at the beginning of this article, the weight is relevant to the height, and it is not always true that 9-10 pounds Yorkies are overweight and need a special weight loss diet!
While it is not very common for this breed to gain excess weight, it is not impossible, and you should keep that in mind too.
It means that your dog has a large body index, and this can lead to major health problems due to obesity.
Excessive eating and a lethargic routine are the basic factors contributing to an increased Yorkie size and weight.
To cut down on weight, you need to take proper care of your dog.
Two ways to do so include:
What your dog eats will greatly show on his body.
If you feed your dog more than needed and if you give many treats several times a day, then you need to stop doing it.
Put an end to sharing your own food with your dog because this will merely fatten him up. Instead, reduce the number of times or the quantity of food you give your dog.
Don’t let your dog eat a lot of sugary foods because it will cause a rise in blood sugar levels.
Increase the intake of vegetables and provide a stable, balanced diet to nourish your pet thoroughly but not excessively.
When your dog becomes obese, it will also tend to become lazier and more lethargic. Such a routine is highly unappreciated for any pet.
Exercise is crucial to keep your dog fit and healthy because some regular running and stretching improves overall health.
Play with your dog and take it out for 30-minute walks twice a day at least. This will help your pet increase energy expenditure and lose body fat quickly.
Regular activity will improve bone and muscle strength and also massively help to shed off the extra pounds.